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Jan Matejko, JAN KOCHANOWSKI WITH URSULKA, 1861-1862

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Lot description Show orginal version
Estimations: 30 314 - 41 973 EUR
29.8 x 23.7cm - pencil, paper Two-sided drawing - sketches for paintings:

JAN KOCHANOWSKI WITH URSZULKA, 1861-1862

Signed p.d.: JM (tied monogram) below inscription in another hand: Kochanowski and Urszulka

Placed on one card, the sketches are different variants of the composition and details of the intended painting depicting Jan Kochanowski over the deceased Ursulka. Two of them - at the bottom of the card - framed, are close to the final composition, an oil painting painted in 1862. At that time, Szymon Darowski posed for the figure of Kochanowski, while six-year-old Stanisława Serafińska, niece of Teodora Matejkowa, posed for Urszulka. The painting has been lost, the last information about it comes from 1893, at which time it was owned by Dr. Lewandowski in Paris. Today it is known only from a few reproductions in the old press (woodcut by Jan Styfi). In addition, a small watercolor sketch for the painting has been preserved in private collections.

Compare, among others:

- K. Sroczynska [ed.], Matejko. Oil Paintings. Catalog, Warsaw 1993, pp. 68-69, cat. no. 89, il. (oil painting);

- E. Micke-Broniarek, Matejko in tribute.... On the centenary of the artist's death, Exhibition catalog, National Museum in Warsaw 1993, pp. 120, 121, file no. 22, il. 22, 22a.

THE KILLING OF ANDRZEJ WAPOWSKI DURING THE CORONATION OF HENRY WALESA, 1860

Signed p.d.: JM (tied monogram)

The drawing is one of the preliminary sketches for The Killing of Andrzej Wapowski, a painting completed by Matejko in 1861. Its subject is an incident that took place at a tournament celebrating the coronation of Henry of Valois on February 24, 1574, when Przemysl castellan Andrzej Wapowski, trying to settle an argument that had broken out, was mortally wounded by Samuel Zborowski. The painting, which for years was thought to be lost, has recently been happily found. In 2012, it was exhibited at the Wawel Royal Castle and later at the Silesian Museum in Katowice.

Compared to the final work, the drawing shows significant differences in the spacing and grouping of people, exemplifying the studies Matejko undertook in working on the composition of the painting. Such differences are also shown in other drawing sketches for this work, which were shown at an exhibition of Jan Matejko's drawings and sketches at the National Museum in Warsaw in 1938. These sketches show the successive stages of the artist's work and his search leading to the proper treatment of the subject. One of them was exhibited at the Agra-Art auction, December 4, 2011 (cat. no. 52, il.).

Compare:

- Catalog of the exhibition of Jan Matejko's drawings and sketches arranged on the 100th anniversary of the artist's birth by the Circle of Art Historians Students of J. Pilsudski University, National Museum, Warsaw March-April 1938, p. 52, cat. nos. 123, 124 a, b; and Supplement to the catalog, p. 166, cat. no. 540;

- K. Sroczynska [ed.], Matejko. Oil Paintings. Catalog, Warsaw 1993, pp. 63-64, cat. no. 79, il. (oil painting).



Jan Matejko (Krakow 1838 - Krakow 1893) - the most outstanding Polish historical painter; he began his studies in painting under W. Łuszczkiewicz and W. K. Stattler at the School of Fine Arts in Krakow (1852-1858). He then studied at the Munich Academy under H. Anschütz (1859) and for two months at the Vienna Academy under C. Ruben (1860). After his studies he lived and worked in Cracow. In 1873 he took over as director of the School of Fine Arts there, holding this position until his death. He traveled extensively - he made numerous trips to Paris (in 1865-1880), Vienna (1866-1888), in 1872 he was in Constantinople, and a year later in Prague and Budapest, he also visited Italy (1878-1879 and 1883). He was a member of numerous academies and art societies, including the Académie des Beaux-Arts (1873) and the French Institute (1874) in Paris, the Berlin Academy of Art (1874), the Raphael Academy in Urbino (1878) and the Künstlersgenossenschaft in Vienna (1888). He became a member of the Scientific Society of Cracow in 1864, and received an honorary doctorate of philosophy from Jagiellonian University in 1887. He was the creator of great and well-known canvases, including the Sermon of Skarga, Rejtan, the Union of Lublin, Batory at Pskov, the Battle of Grunwald, the Prussian Homage and Kosciuszko at Raclawice. He also painted portraits and, less frequently, religious or genre scenes. Drawing played an important role in his work - the artist produced, among other things, the album Ubiory w Polsce od 1200 do 1795 and the drawing series Poczet królów i książąt polskich. In 1889-1891, together with a team of students, he worked on the polychrome of St. Mary's Church in Cracow. The painter's family home, on Florianska Street in Krakow, has housed a museum dedicated to him since 1898 - the Matejko House (a branch of the MNK).
Auction
Early Art Auction
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Date
16 June 2024 CEST/Warsaw
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Start price
25 650 EUR
Estimations
30 314 - 41 973 EUR
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